12-Aug-2016 09:57

Origination and Termination in VoIP Telephony: the Basic Principles for Understanding


The forums often discuss issues on origination and termination. Some beginners confuse these notions. The former involves sending a call through VoIP, the latter its landing to the end user

For example, the user makes a call from landline to another person (IP-telephony), dials and connects to the gateway, and then there is the call to the called party. Or the caller dials a phone number and the call gets to the gateway connected to the local internet. The equipment forwards the calls. The first example is the origination, the second termination.

The main equipment for call origination and termination is a router or gateway, which transmits and receives calls. When dialing a number, the request is sent to the server. When a call is allowed, the billing server is requested with a long duration of the call. The call always goes from the point of origin to the point of destination.

Another weightier problem for beginners when originating is the risk of being duped by fraudsters, or being a victim of hacking. The first of the above cases is a fraud on the untested traffic. Beginning originators are usually poorly experienced in the principles of functioning of the market. Fraudsters take advantage of this by offering them the retail instead of the transit.

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However, you can figure out the first method of losing money but the second one - hacking the originator’s system is not immediately noticeable. It is usually carried out from the originator server by running a parallel VoIP-proxy, or by using another stolen password.

To do this, attackers steal the SIP password through a virus from a client’s computer, who uses the softphone. Then, using this password, the server is used to receive numerous calls and make money. After some time the unaware owner of the account receives the bills stating huge amounts payable.

However, the situation can be prevented by using the origination controller. Check with the program takes less than 5 minutes, with the same interval. Using the similar software, the call origination and termination in gsm becomes safer.

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